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Partición y división: aparición de nuevos herederos. Requisitos

Partición y división: aparición de nuevos herederos. Requisitos

 

Se produce la caducidad del testamento cuando sobrevienen herederos que no existían al momento de su otorgamiento. En dicha situación, no procede la partición y división solicitada por los herederos contemplados en el testamento, aun si a la fecha de dicha solicitud los interesados no han solicitado judicialmente la declaración de caducidad correspondiente.

 

Casación 2432-97

 

HUANUCO

 

Lima, dieciséis de junio de mil novecientos noventiocho.

 

LA SALA CIVIL TRANSITORIA DE LA CORTE SUPREMA DE JUSTICIA DE LA REPUBLICA: vista la Causa número dos mil cuatrocientos treintidós-noventisiete con los acompañados, en Audiencia Pública de la fecha y producida la votación con arreglo a ley emite la siguiente sentencia:

 

MATERIA DEL RECURSO:

 

Se trata del Recurso de Casación interpuesto por don Félix Chiang Cortez, mediante escrito de fojas trescientos noventicinco, contra la resolución emitida por la Sala Civil de la Corte Superior de Justicia de Huánuco-Pasco de fojas trescientos sesenticinco, su fecha seis de noviembre de mil novecientos noventisiete, que revocando la apelada de fojas trescientos cuatro, fechada el día veinte de agosto del año próximo pasado declara fundada la demanda.

 

FUNDAMENTOS DEL RECURSO:

 

La casación se fundó en: a) la inaplicación del artículo setecientos cincuentidós del Código Civil del año mil novecientos treintiséis, por cuanto habiendo contraído matrimonio el causante después de haber otorgado testamento, el mismo ha caducado y consecuentemente la división y partición debe hacerse entre todos los herederos forzosos conforme a ley y, b) que no se ha tenido en cuenta que el doctor Hildebrando Villanueva Santos sustituyó el poder que el demandante le había otorgado en favor de don Misael Cano Ruiz continuó actuando en el proceso, pese a que la nulidad decretada por la Sala a fojas doscientos dieciséis, no puede afectar este acto jurídico de sustitución de poder, infringiendo lo dispuesto en los artículos setentisiete y ciento setentitrés del Código Procesal Civil.

 

CONSIDERANDO:

 

Primero.- que, el Recurso de Casación fue concedido a fojas trescientos noventinueve y fue declarado procedente por resolución de fecha diecinueve de enero del presente año, por las causales invocadas.

 

Segundo.- que, la intervención del doctor Hildebrando Villanueva Santos después de la nulidad decretada por la Sala Superior de fojas doscientos dieciséis, ha sido mayormente como abogado de don César Chiang Cortez y no como apoderado y en tal condición sólo ha intervenido en algunos recursos sin mayor importancia, por lo que no existe contravención al debido proceso ni infracción de las normas esenciales para la eficacia y validez de los actos procesales.

 

Tercero.- que, el causante don Jorge Chiang Wu Chong falleció el once de abril de mil novecientos sesentidós, por lo que resulta aplicable al caso de autos el Código Civil de mil novecientos treintiséis, de acuerdo a lo dispuesto por el artículo dos mil ciento diecisiete del Código Civil vigente.(1)

 

Cuarto.- que, si bien don Jorge Chiang Wu Chong otorgó testamento el dieciocho de diciembre de mil novecientos cincuentinueve, por Escritura Pública otorgada ante el Notario doctor Guido E. Ronquillo, designando como herederos a don César Basilio Chiang Cortez y don Félix Chiang Cortez, no puede obviarse que cuando falleció se encontraba casado con doña Eusebia Cortez Avelino viuda de Chiang, desde el dos de abril de mil novecientos sesentidós, precisamente madre del demandante y demandado de este proceso.

 

 

Quinto.- que, el artículo setecientos cincuentidós del Código Civil de mil novecientos treintiséis establece que caduca la institución de herederos, si deja el testador herederos forzosos que no tenía cuando otorgó el testamento.

 

Sexto.- que, ésta sería la situación en este caso, porque la esposa es heredera forzosa de acuerdo al Artículo setecientos del Código Sustantivo y no se encontraba casada cuando el causante otorgó testamento.(2)

 

Septimo.- que, a pesar de ello no existe proceso judicial de caducidad de testamento, pero no puede negarse la vocación hereditaria de la esposa, que si bien ha fallecido, se encontraba viva cuando murió el causante y cuyo derecho esta reconocido por los artículos setecientos y setecientos sesenta del Código Civil derogado.

 

Octavo.- que, además el posible derecho que pudiera tener otro supuesto hijo don Jorge Luis Chiang Cortez, se encuentra discutiéndose judicialmente en un proceso de filiación matrimonial post mortem.(3)

 

Noveno.- que, ante la situación legal reconocida en las sentencias inferiores de que el causante se encontraba casado cuando falleció, con doña Eusebia Cortez Avelino, no puede procederse a la división y partición de los bienes dejados por el causante solamente entre los dos hijos declarados herederos en el testamento, porque todavía falta definir la situación legal de quien tiene vocación hereditaria y no ha sido todavía declarada heredera, por lo que la demanda resulta prematura.

 

Décimo.- que, por las razones expuestas y de conformidad con lo dispuesto en el inciso Primero del Artículo trescientos noventiséis del Código Procesal Civil, declararon FUNDADO el Recurso de Casación de fojas trescientos noventicinco y, en consecuencia NULA la sentencia de vista de fojas trescientos sesenticinco, su fecha seis de noviembre del año próximo pasado; y actuando en sede de instancia: CONFIRMARON la sentencia apelada de fojas trescientos cuatro de fecha veinte de agosto de mil novecientos noventisiete, que declaró improcedente la demanda; DISPUSIERON se publique la presente resolución en el Diario Oficial El Peruano, en los seguidos por don César Basilio Chiang Cortez con don Félix Chiang Cortez, sobre Partición de Bien Inmueble y los devolvieron.

 

SS. URRELLO A.; ALMENARA B.; VASQUEZ C.; ECHEVARRIA A.; BELTRAN Q.

 

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