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PROCEDENCIA DEL ABANDONO EN PROCESOS PENDIENTES DE RESOLUCIÓN

No procede la declaración de abandono en aquellos procesos que se encuentren pendientes de resolución, según ésta y la demora en dictarla fueran imputables al Juez; todo proceder en contrario, constituye una afectación del derecho a un debido proceso.

CAS. N° 2160-2001-JAEN

(02/05/2002)

 

Concordancias:

C.P.C.: Art. I, IX, 171, 313, 350: 5), 386, 722, 396

Lima, dieciocho de febrero del dos mil dos.- LA SALA CIVIL TRANSITORIA DE LA CORTE SUPREMA DE JUSTICIA DE LA REPUBLICA; Vista la causa número dos mil ciento sesenta - dos mil uno, con el acompañado, en Audiencia Pública de la fecha y producida la votación con arreglo a Ley, emite la siguiente sentencia; MATERIA DEL RECURSO: Se trata del recurso de casación interpuesto por el Banco de Crédito del Perú, mediante escrito de fojas doscientos tres, contra el auto de vista emitido por la Sala Mixta Descentralizada Permanente de la provincia de Jaén de la Corte Superior de Justicia de Lambayeque, de fojas ciento cuarenticinco, su fecha dieciocho de mayo del dos mil uno, que revocando el auto apelado y reformándola declaró fundada la petición de abandono del proceso; FUNDAMENTOS DEL RECURSO: Que, concedido el recurso de casación de fojas doscientos ocho, fue declarado procedente por resolución de diecinueve de noviembre del dos mil uno, por la causal contemplada en el inciso tercero del artículo trescientos ochentiséis del Código Procesal Civil, sustentada en la afectación del derecho al debido proceso, porque éste se encontraba en estado de resolver las contradicciones propuestas por quienes lo hicieron en el modo y tiempo correspondiente, por lo que encontrándose pendiente de una resolución cuya de mora en dictarla no es imputable a las partes sino al juzgado, se ha infringido las normas contenidas en los artículos primero y noveno del Título Preliminar y trescientos cincuenta inciso quinto del Código Procesal Civil y porque quienes han resuelto en segunda instancia lo han hecho transgrediendo la norma del artículo trescientos trece del Código acotado, porque sabiéndose impedidos de conocer la causa, no se han abstenido de conocerla por delicadeza o decoro al ser defensores de deudores del Banco de Crédito del Perú, habiendo inclusive uno de ellos suscrito denuncia penal que ha dado trámite a que se abra instrucción; CONSIDERANDO: Primero.- Que, el artículo trescientos trece del Código Procesal Civil, constituye una facultad que se otorga a los jueces que pueden hacer uso de ella o no; Segundo.- Que, aparece de fojas ciento ochentiocho del expediente principal, que la última resolución emitida en los autos el seis de octubre del dos mil, tenía por absuelto el traslado de la contradicción formulada al mandato de ejecución y siendo este su estado que se cumpla con poner los autos a despacho para emitir la resolución correspondiente, lo que implicaba que era el juzgado el que debía impulsar el proceso; Tercero.- Que, posteriormente y a fojas ciento ochentinueve obra una razón del secretario judicial, que no se había podido notificar al co-demandado Ciro Arteaga Medina con la demanda, porque ya no residía en el caserío Cerezal, sino en el caserío Cruce de Shumba; Cuarto.- Que, dicha razón no mereció proveído alguno del juzgado, ni fue notificada a las partes por nota o por cédula; Quinto.- Que, en consecuencia, para el Banco recurrente el estado del proceso era que el juzgado emitiera la resolución a que se refiere el proveído de fojas ciento ochentiocho, es decir resolver la contradicción previo traslado por tres días, de acuerdo con lo dispuesto en la parte final del artículo setecientos veintidós del Código Procesal Civil; Sexto.- Que, el inciso quinto del artículo trescientos cincuenta del Código Adjetivo, dispone que no hay abandono en los procesos que se encuentran pendientes según la resolución y la demora en dictarla fuera imputable al juez; Sétimo.- Que, no procediendo el abandono en este caso, se infringe el artículo primero del Título Preliminar del Código acotado, porque se está negando al banco ejecutante derecho a la tutela jurisdiccional efectiva; Octavo.- Que, por ello, la resolución de vista ha incurrido en la causal de nulidad contemplada en el artículo ciento setentiuno del Código Adjetivo; Noveno.- Que, por las razones expuestas y presentándose la causal del inciso tercero del artículo trescientos ochentiséis del Código Procesal Civil, y de conformidad con el acápite dos puntos uno del artículo trescientos noventiséis de dicho Código, declararon FUNDADO el recurso de casación interpuesto por el Banco de Crédito del Perú, a fojas doscientos tres y en consecuencia NULO el auto de vista de fojas ciento cuarenticinco, del dieciocho de mayo del dos mil uno; ORDENARON al Organo Jurisdiccional Inferior expedir nuevo fallo con arreglo a ley; DISPUSIERON la publicación de la presente resolución en el Diario Oficial El Peruano; en los seguidos por el Banco de Crédito del Perú con Rosalía Sánchez Sánchez y otros, sobre Ejecución de Garantías; y los devolvieron.- SS. ECHEVARRIA A.; LAZARTE H.; INFANTES V.; SANTOS P.; QUINTANILLA Q.

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