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APLICACIÓN DEL PRINCIPIO DE LEGITIMACIÓN REGISTRAL

 

"... El principio de legitimación registral sólo puede aplicarse a actos que cuenten con inscripción registral, puesto que se presume en estos actos inscritos la existencia de una adecuación entre la realidad jurídica del título con el contenido del asiento registral".

 

CASACION Nº 830-96/LAMBAYEQUE.

Concordancias:

C.C.: Art. 2013.

 

Lima, once de agosto de mil novecientos noventisiete

La Sala Civil de la Corte Suprema de Justicia, en la causa vista en audiencia pública el ocho de agosto del año en curso, emite la siguiente sentencia; con el acompañado.

1. MATERIA DEL RECURSO:

Se trata del Recurso de Casación interpuesto por doña Liliana Girón Farfán contra la sentencia de fojas ciento veintisiete, su fecha nueve de abril de mil novecientos noventiséis, que confirma la apelada de fojas ochentiséis, su fecha diez de enero del mismo año, que declara fundada la demanda de fojas nueve y ordena que los demandados desocupen y entreguen el inmueble a favor de los demandados, con lo demás que contiene.

2. FUNDAMENTOS DEL RECURSO:

La Corte mediante resolución de fecha once de octubre de mil novecientos noventiséis ha estimado procedente el recurso sólo por la causal relativa a la aplicación indebida del Artículo dos mil trece del Código Civil no es como indebidamente lo aplica el juzgado en su sentencia y por ende la Sala de mérito al haber recogido en la impugnada los considerandos de aquella resolución, por cuanto dicha norma se aplica única y exclusivamente para el caso de existir inscripciones registrales.

3. CONSIDERANDO:

Primero.- Que el Artículo dos mil trece del Código Civil regula el principio de legitimación registral que establece una presunción iuris tantum de validez de la inscripción o del contenido del Registro, mientras no se demuestre su inexactitud o se declare su nulidad. Por ello es que mientras no se produzca tales presupuestos la ley le otorga a la inscripción la presunción de que su contenido es cierto produciendo en consecuencia, todos sus efectos.

Segundo.- Que el principio referido se distingue de la anotación registral; se entiende por esta última como el asiento provisional que se hace en el registro de la propiedad, para asegurar el cumplimiento de los fallos judiciales y la eficacia de cualquier derecho real que aún no puede ser inscrito.

Tercero.- Que es preciso señalar como diferencia sustancial con la inscripción registral, que la anotación preventiva es temporal y es extendida en el registro a solicitud del interesado para asegurar su derecho, en tanto el título presentado no puede ser inscrito por contener alguna falta subsanable o cuando no pueda inscribirse un título por no estar inscrito el derecho de donde emane la transmisión o gravamen; sin embargo, tienen el carácter de temporalidad los actos inscribibles por resoluciones judiciales.

Cuarto.- Que en consecuencia, el principio de legitimación registral sólo puede aplicarse a actos que cuenten con inscripción registral, puesto que se presume en estos actos inscritos la existencia de una adecuación entre la realidad jurídica del título con el contenido del asiento registral.

Quinto.- Que en el caso de autos se ha aplicado indebidamente el Artículo dos mil trece del Código Civil, en tanto la recurrida ha dado mérito de legitimación registral al contrato de compraventa de fojas tres a cinco vuelta, cuando ésta sólo tenía una anotación preventiva.

4. SENTENCIA:

Estando a las conclusiones a las que arriba se declara FUNDADO el Recurso de Casación interpuesto por doña Liliana Girón Farfán en los seguidos con don Olger Fortunato Quiñones Farro y otra, sobre desalojo; y por tanto CASA la sentencia de fojas ciento veintisiete, su fecha nueve de abril de mil novecientos noventiséis, expedida por la Sala Civil de la Corte Superior de Lambayeque, y actuando en sede de instancia REVOCARON la sentencia apelada de fojas ochentiséis de fecha diez de enero de mil novecientos noventiséis que declara fundada la demanda de fojas nueve; REFORMANDOLA declararon INFUNDADA dicha demanda; MANDARON se publique esta resolución en el Diario Oficial El Peruano, bajo responsabilidad; y los devolvieron.

SS. IBERICO; RONCALLA; CASTILLO; MARULL; BELTRAN.

 

FUENTE                                  :   Diario Oficial El Peruano: Sentencias en Casación, jueves 1 de enero de 1998, Pág. 338.

 

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