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MANIFESTACIÓN DE LA VOLUNTAD – SIMULACIÓN ABSOLUTA

                                MANIFESTACIÓN DE LA VOLUNTAD – SIMULACIÓN ABSOLUTA

 

Para que exista voluntad jurídica se requiere de la concurrencia de elementos internos  y externos; que con los elementos internos queda formada la voluntad, la misma que para producir efectos jurídicos requiere que sea manifestada;por medio de declaraciones y comportamiento, y en virtud a ello encontramos que con las declaraciones juradas de auto avalúo del que en vida fuera don Demetrio Castillo Rodríguez,-propietario del bien sub litis- unido a ello la declaración de parte de doña Santos Saturnina Contreras de Salinas y que conforme al dictamen pericial la firma del propietario en calidad de vendedor era falsa, resultando de esta manera el acto jurídico afecto de nulidad. Que, en cuanto a la simulación absoluta existente en el caso de autos compulsando en forma uniforme los medios probatorios aportados; se debe tener en cuenta la declaración testimonial de doña Alfonsina Ruiz Sotomayor manifitando que los demandados Francisco Catalino Salinas Flores y Daniel Sánchez Flores, concurrieron a su domicilio con la finalidad de preguntarle cómo podían hacer para que se les transfiera el bien sub litis; y aunado a ello debe tenerse en cuenta la certificación de fecha ocho de Noviembre de mil novecientos noventinueve otorgada por el Agente Municipal de Choquizonguillo, donde hace constar que a dicha fecha permanece en posesión del terreno sub litis los esposos codemandados Salinas - Contreras; pese a la escritura pública de compra venta celebrada con el codemandado Daniel Sánchez Flores, concluyéndose de esta manera que la intención de dicho codemandado ha sido perjudicar el derecho del accionante.           

 

                                                        EXP. Nº 980-2002- TRUJILLO

                                                                 Concordancias:

                                                                 C.C.: Art. 140, 190

 

 

 

 

 

                            SEVERINO CASTILLO RODRIGUEZ

                            SANTOS SATURNINA CONTRERAS DE SALINA Y OTROS

I SALA CIVIL

                            NULIDAD DE ACTO JURIDICO

                            JUEZ: Dr. GUILLERMO FELIPE

                            PROCESO DE CONOCIMIENTO

 

RESOLUCION NUMERO VEINTICUATRO

 

Trujillo, primero de octubre del año dos mil dos

VISTOS; En Audiencia Pública según constancia de Secretaría que precede; por sus fundamentos pertinentes; y,

CONSIDERANDO; además:

Primero: Que, conforme aparece del escrito de fojas cincuentiocho a sesentiocho don Severino Castillo Rodríguez recurre al Organo Judicial en busca de tutela jurisdiccional e interpone demanda contra doña Santos Saturnina Contreras Salinas, Francisco Catalino Salinas Flores y Daniel Sánchez Flores, sobre nulidad de acto jurídico, y el documento que lo contiene referido a la compra venta del predio rústico denominado Pumachaca celebrado por don Demetrio Castillo Rodríguez a favor de los primeros codemandados, así como la nulidad del acto jurídico y el documento que lo contiene celebrado entre los codemandados referidos sobre el mismo inmueble mencionado a favor de Daniel Sánchez Flores, el primero sustentado en la causal de falta de manifestación de la voluntad del agente (vendedor) y el segundo por simulación absoluta;

Segundo: Que, en este orden de ideas es conveniente tener en cuenta el artículo ciento cuarenta del Código Civil cuando enuncia que el acto jurídico es la manifestación de voluntad destinada a crear, regular, modificar o extinguir relaciones jurídicas, y es así que para que exista voluntad jurídica se requiere de la concurrencia de elementos internos (discernimiento, intención y voluntad) y externos (manifestación); que con los elementos internos queda formada la voluntad, la misma que para producir efectos jurídicos requiere que sea manifestada; que la voluntad declarada es la voluntad exteriorizada por medio de declaraciones y comportamiento, y en virtud a ello encontramos que con las declaraciones juradas de auto avalúo de fojas ciento cincuentidós a ciento cincuentisiete que el que en vida fuera don Demetrio Castillo Rodríguez ha formulado las mismas por ante la Municipalidad Provincial de Huamachuco del predio rústico Pumachaca hasta el año de mil novecientos noventiséis, unido a ello la declaración de parte de doña Santos Saturnina Contreras de Salinas, prestada en la audiencia de fojas ciento ochentidós, de acuerdo al pliego interrogatorio de fojas ciento ochenta, cuando al absolver la segunda pregunta textualmente dijo "Que sí es verdad, pues tres años atrás don Demetrio Castillo por encontrarse enfermo no trabajaba, sino que lo hacía mi esposo Francisco Catalino Salinas Flores y que era el propietario mi papá Demetrio Castillo Rodríguez"; y mucho más que conforme al dictamen pericial corriente a fojas ciento sesenta a ciento sesentidós se concluye que la firma atribuida a don Demetrio Castillo Rodríguez en la minuta de fecha veintiséis de Setiembre de mil novecientos noventitrés en calidad de vendedor es falsificada, resultando así dicho acto jurídico afecto de nulidad en este extremo;

Tercero: Que, conforme a lo normado por el artículo ciento noventa del Código enunciado la simulación absoluta consiste en la declaración de una voluntad cuyo contenido no se quiere, ni tampoco los efectos jurídicos que se derivan típicamente del mismo; y en el caso de autos compulsando en forma uniforme los medios probatorios aportados; se debe tener en cuenta la declaración testimonial de doña Alfonsina Ruiz Sotomayor de acuerdo al pliego interrogatorio de fojas ciento setentiocho, y corriente a fojas ciento ochenticuatro, cuando al absolver la segunda pregunta manifiesta que los demandados Francisco Catalino Salinas Flores y Daniel Sánchez Flores, concurrieron a su domicilio con la finalidad de preguntarle cómo podían hacer para que se les transfiera el bien sub litis; y aunado a ello debe tenerse en cuenta la certificación de fecha ocho de Noviembre de mil novecientos noventinueve otorgada por el Agente Municipal de Choquizonguillo corriente a fojas noventicinco, donde hace constar que a dicha fecha permanece en posesión del terreno sub litis los esposos codemandados Salinas - Contreras; pese a la escritura pública de compra venta celebrada con el codemandado Daniel Sánchez Flores, con fecha veintitrés de Diciembre de mil novecientos noventiocho, concluyéndose de esta manera que la intención de dicho codemandado ha sido perjudicar el derecho del accionante, por lo que en este extremo la demanda es amparada;

Por lo que estando a las anteriores consideraciones, CONFIRMARON: la sentencia contenida en la resolución número diecisiete, su fecha veintiocho de Diciembre de dos mil uno, que declara FUNDADA la demanda interpuesta por Severino Castillo Rodríguez contra Francisco Catalino Salinas Flores, Santos Saturnina Contreras de Salinas y Daniel Sánchez Flores, sobre nulidad de actos jurídicos y de los documentos que los contienen; en consecuencia declara NULO el acto jurídico contenido en el contrato de compra venta (y no el contrato de compra venta) del predio rústico denominado Pumachaca, celebrada por Demetrio Castillo Rodríguez a favor de Francisco Catalino Salinas Flores y Santos Saturnina Contreras de Salinas, mediante documento privado su fecha veintiséis de Setiembre de mil novecientos noventitrés, con firmas legalizadas por el Juez de Paz No Letrado Tomás Quispe Gavidia, corriente a fojas ciento cuarentiocho y ciento cuarentinueve, así como NULO dicho documento; y NULO el acto jurídico contenido en el contrato de compra venta (y no el contrato de compra venta) del mismo inmueble celebrado por Francisco Salinas Flores y Santos Saturnina Contreras de Salinas a favor de Daniel Sánchez Flores mediante escritura pública de fecha veintitrés de Diciembre de mil novecientos noventiocho, extendida por el Notario de Huamachuco doctor Fernando Galarreta Paredes; así como NULA esta última, cuyo primer testimonio obra de folios diez a quince, repetido de folios ochentiocho a noventitrés; y los devolvieron.

Ponencia del señor Vocal doctor Víctor Castilla Córdova.

SS. SALAZAR LIZARRAGA; MORGAN ZAVALETA; CASTILLA CORDOVA.

 

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